AVN (Avascular Necrosis) is a medical condition that occurs due to a lack of sufficient blood supply to the bone. Also known as osteonecrosis, this condition is more common in patients between the ages of 20-50. It occurs mostly in the hips but can also affect some other common sites such as shoulders, ankles, and the knees. Bones are the living tissue and need blood to sustain its functioning. In case of any interruption caused to this blood supply, the bones start collapsing.
AVN occurs due to severe injury or any underlying health problem that resulted in blood clotting, inflammation, or damage to the artery.

Treatment Overview

On its initial stage, the Avascular Necrosis can be treated with medication to reduce pain, stop the progression of bone damage, and ensure proper functioning of the affected joint. Although most of the AVN cases, if diagnosed at its early stage, can be treated with medicine, many patients with this condition need surgical approach. Depending on your bone damage severity, our expert surgeons might recommend one of the following surgeries :

  1. Bone Grafts : Removal of the healthy bone from one part of the body and using it to replace the damaged bone.
  2. Osteotomy : Cutting the bone and changing its alignment to release stress on the bone or joint.
  3. Total Joint Replacement : Removing the damaged joint and replacing it with a synthetic one.
  4. Core Decompression : Removing the part of the inside of the bone to relieve stress and help new blood vessels to form.
  5. Vascularized Bone Graft : Using the patient’s own tissue (mostly the fibula) to rebuild the damaged hip or joint.

At Saishree Hospital, we make sure each of the patients receives its own customized treatment and surgery. No two patients will have the same treatment approach and therefore, our specialists remain thorough with their medication and principles of any surgery.