IMPLANTS & IMPLANT OPTIONS FOR KNEE & HIP REPLACEMENT SURGERY
Implants In Healthcare
Surgical implants are tools or tissues that are implanted within or on the body’s surface. Many implants are prostheses that are designed to replace missing bodily parts. Other implants are used to provide medication, monitor physiological activities, or support organs and tissues.
Skin, bone, and other bodily tissues are used to make some implants. Others are made of metal, plastic, ceramic, or a variety of other materials.
Implants can be permanently inserted or withdrawn when no longer needed. Stents and hip implants, for example, are permanent devices. However, chemotherapeutic ports or screws used to repair shattered bones can be withdrawn when no longer required.
Implants In Knee & Hip Replacement Surgery
A Knee Replacement or a Hip Replacement Surgery employs several different types of Knee / Hip implants. The materials that brush against one other as you flex your knee or move your hip bone differentiate the various types of implants.
· Ceramic On Plastic Base.
Instead of a metal femoral component, this variety employs a ceramic femoral component (or a metal component with a ceramic coating). It is additionally supported by a plastic spacer. People who are allergic to nickel used in metal implants may benefit from ceramic implants. Plastic particles from this sort of implant can also trigger an immunological response.
· Ceramic On Ceramic Base.
Ceramic is used for both the femoral and tibial components. Ceramic components have the lowest likelihood of reacting with the body. Ceramic joint prosthesis, on the other hand, can generate a squeaky noise while you walk. Under extreme strain, they can fracture into pieces that must be removed surgically in rare situations.
· Metal On Plastic Base.
This is the most popular implant kind. It has a metal femoral component that is supported by a polyethylene plastic spacer attached to the tibial component. Metals that are frequently used include cobalt-chromium, titanium, zirconium, and nickel. Metal-on-plastic implants are the least priced and have the longest track record of safety and implant life lifetime. However, an immune reaction triggered by microscopic particles that wear away from the spacer can cause a problem with plastic implants. This can cause the bone to deteriorate, resulting in implant loosening and failure. Manufacturing advances have considerably lowered the rate of wear in plastic.
· Metal On Metal Base.
Both the femoral and tibial components are metal. Metal-on-metal implants have been used significantly less frequently in recent years due to worries about metal traces leaching into the circulation. The metal is formed as a result of the chemical degradation of the implant hardware. Originally, all-metal implants were designed to give longer-lasting joint replacements for younger patients. However, metal traces can induce irritation, pain, and perhaps organ damage. Only young, active men should consider metal-on-metal implants since they may survive longer than other materials. These implants are not available to women of reproductive age since the consequences on a fetus are unknown.
Some Important Points You Should Discuss With Your Doctor Regarding Implants
If you discover that you require a medical implant, you should ask your doctor the following questions before proceeding with the procedure.
Is my implant going to be permanent or removable? (If you are undergoing a hip or knee replacement surgery the implant is going to be permeant but may have a shelf life depending on the type of implant used)
What kind of material will the implant be composed of? Check to see whether you are allergic to any of the implant’s components.
How many of these operations have you completed? The more experience a doctor has with implant placement, the better the outcome.
What are the procedure’s complication rates? Make certain you are aware of the dangers.
*Note in any case your surgeon will determine the best-suited implant for you depending on your diagnosis, your lifestyle & age, your pocket size may also have an effect on the choice of the implant to be used.