Winter is considered the healthiest of seasons and rightfully so. In a country like India with hot climate for majority of the year, winter is definitely the most beautiful season. Though this true for majority of us, patient suffering from arthritis may not agree.
It is known that symptoms of arthritis worsen during cold season. Though this is not universal, but sensitive patients do suffer from increased disease activity and worsening of their symptoms in winter. Seasonal variations are more profound in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Unlike degerative arthritis which is common in elderly population, rheumatoid arthritis can occur in younger age groups.
The increase in disease activity can be marked by appearance of or increase in the symptoms like :-
The reason for increased disease activity in certain season is not clearly known, however, few theories have been mentioned. Some of them are :-
1.Drop in atmospheric pressure (PHYSICS) – Cold temperature leads to drop in atmospheric pressure which can cause tissue to swell. The muscle and tendons are swollen leading to more pressure on joint, hence pain
2.Nerves are more sensitive to pain during winter.
3.As muscle are swollen, they can go into spasm leading to pain and stiffness.
4.Circulation is decreased in cold environment typically in hands and feet worsening pain in rheumatoid patients.
5.Activity improves symptoms in arthritis. Patients tend to be less active and to stay in-doors in cold temperature. Also sunlight is less easily available, which is the source for Vit D production in the body. This leads to weak bones and muscles and increased pain.
How to prevent :-
There are few precautions we can take to make life easy for sensitive patients.
1.Wear soft and warm clothing.
2.Take proper healthy and wholesome nutritious diet.
3.Drink plenty of water.
5.Vit D supplements as per doctors order.
6.Medications for pain management. Doses may need adjustment, especially in rheumatoid patients.
Take necessary precautions, consult your doctor when necessary and enjoy the winter.
If you’re looking for orthopaedic doctors in Pune who can help you understand more of these causes and preventions for the winter season, then SaiShree Hospital may have the best solutions for you. Doctors at SaiShree are widely known to guide their patients through all their problems, making it the best orthopaedic hospital in Pune. They also specialise in performing the most effective knee replacement surgery in Pune. Visit their website to learn more about their treatments.