Medical sciences including the surgical specializations of it have made striking advances in the last couple of decades; courtesy to the dedication and knowledge acquisition that have revolutionized the understanding of the practitioners. The use of smart materials is another dimension of the medical developments. Specialty prosthesis based replacements are being attempted these days to generate effective relief in severe problems. Hip replacement surgery is one such process where the femur pelvis joint is replaced with a metal/polyethylene prosthesis that fits like the natural one and the problem is corrected completely. Similar is the knee replacement surgery! These cases represent the might of the orthopedics specialization and more are being attempted every year. However, these interventions are very fundamental in them and people still have apprehensions and curiosities. They want to ascertain the facts before making up their mind for such procedures, says an expert at the orthopedic hospital offering hip and knee surgery in Pune.
A leading orthopedic hospital in Pune reported increased cases of knee and hip replacement and attributes this trend to the high rate of success for the seekers who find complete relief from their symptoms of pain, swelling, and allied locomotion difficulties. With such high success rate, the awareness is growing and more people are inquiring about the hip replacement procedure. An orthopedic surgeon specializing in joint pain treatment in Pune has offered insights and facts relating to the procedure for those who want to know more about it.
The hip replacement surgery involves changing of the bone socket system in the pelvis. This joint after suffering wear and tear due to age, arthritis, injury generates mild to excessive pain and/or swelling and makes locomotion difficult. The artificial prosthesis is made of metal and hardened polyethylene& is fitted with the femur after removing the front part that has the bone ball. The frontal part of the prosthesis fits into the pelvis socket to make a natural like arrangement. Artificial materials are added to maintain fine lubrication.
Knee replacement surgery involves removing and replacing the joint with the artificial metal/polyethylene prosthesis so that the damaged tissue and bone is altogether removed with a new joint.
There are primarily two types hip replacement surgeries.
1. Cemented – when the metal/polyethylene prosthesis is cemented with the femur bone through speciality bone cement.
2. Un-cemented – Here Prosthesis fitted are coated with hydroxyapatite which helps in new bone formation around the prosthesis
Total joint replacement like the hip and knee replacement requires around 4 days of hospital stay. After the hospital stay, the person can walk out with the help of crutches or calipers. Post surgery care and precautions is of course required for a longer period.
Expert at a hospital offering join replacement surgery in Pune says that with advanced materials and processes in joint replacement procedures, the risk has gone down significantly and the complications are negligible.